Building on and bringing up to date the material presented in the first installment of Directory of World Cinema : Australia and New Zealand, this volume continues the exploration of the cinema produced in Australia and New Zealand since the beginning of the twentieth century. Among the additions to this volume are in-depth treatments of the locations that feature prominently in the countries' cinema. Essays by leading critics and film scholars consider the significance in films of the outback and the beach, which is evoked as a liminal space in Long Weekend and a symbol of death in Heaven's Burning, among other films.
Other contributions turn the spotlight on previously unexplored genres and key filmmakers, including Jane Campion, Rolf de Heer, Charles Chauvel, and Gillian Armstrong. These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed.
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In addition to the serious historical dramas popular in the s, a number of films celebrating and satirizing Australian colloquial culture were produced over the decade, including: The Adventures of Barry McKenzie , Alvin Purple , and Barry McKenzie Holds His Own These films, now considered classics of Australian cinema explored contemporary Australian identity through dramatic episodes in Australian history.
Gibson went on to further success in 's The Year of Living Dangerously before transferring to pursue his Hollywood career as an actor and director. Many other Australian stars would follow his path to international stardom in the coming decades. Weir contributed to the screenplay along with its original author Christopher Koch, and playwright David Williamson. Williamson rose to prominence in the early s, and has gone on to write several other original scripts and screenplays made into successful Australian films including: Don's Party ; Gallipoli , Emerald City , and Balibo The movie became the most successful Australian film ever, and launched Hogan's international film career.
The thriller garnered strong reviews and Hollywood roles followed. The s proved a successful decade for Australian film and introduced several new stars to a global audience. Stephan Elliott 's film The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert mixed traditional outback cinematography and landscape with contemporary urban sub-culture: following three drag queens on a road trip to Central Australia. While a number of major international stars gained early prominence in Australia over the period, an important stable of established and emerging local stars with prodigious film credits remained prominent, including screen veterans Charles Tingwell , Bill Hunter , Jack Thompson , Bryan Brown and Chris Haywood.
Crowe demonstrated his versatility as an actor in this early period of his career by starring soon after as a street gang Melbourne skinhead in 's Romper Stomper and then as an inner-Sydney working class gay man in 's The Sum of Us before transferring to the US to commence his Hollywood career. George Miller's Babe employed new digital effects to make a barnyard come alive and went on to become one of Australia's highest-grossing films. After Ledger's successful transition to Hollywood, Jordan and Ledger collaborated again in with Ledger playing the iconic bushranger title role in the film Ned Kelly , which co-starred British actress Naomi Watts.
In , Rolf de Heer's Ten Canoes became the first major feature film to be shot in an indigenous language and the film was recognised at Cannes and elsewhere. The shifting demographics of Australia following post-war multicultural immigration was reflected in Australian cinema through the period and in successful films like 's The Heartbreak Kid ; 's Looking for Alibrandi ; 's Fat Pizza ; the Wog Boy comedies and 's Romulus, My Father which all dealt with aspects of the migrant experience or Australian subcultures.
Rob Sitch and Working Dog Productions followed the success of The Castle with period comedy The Dish , which was the highest grossing Australian film of the Year and entered the top ten list of highest grossing Australian films. Big budget Australian-international co-productions Moulin Rouge! Baz Luhrmann , and Happy Feet which won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature for filmmaker George Miller in also entered the top ten list during the first decade of the new century. Baz Luhrmann directed a series of international hits and returned to Australia for the production of 's Australia , which showcased a host of Australian stars including Nicole Kidman , Hugh Jackman and David Wenham and went on to become the second highest-grossing film in Australian cinematic history.
Lantana , directed by Ray Lawrence attained critical and commercial success in for its examination of a complex series of relationships in suburban Sydney, and events surrounding a mysterious crime. Emerging star Sam Worthington had early lead roles in the mobster black comedy Dirty Deeds and 's crime caper Gettin' Square.
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Gettin Square also featured rising star David Wenham who demonstrated versatility with a string of critically acclaimed roles including the title role in Paul Cox 's biopic Molokai: The Story of Father Damien and the thriller The Bank , directed by the politically conscious film director Robert Connolly. The early s were generally not successful years for Australian cinema, with several confronting dramas proving unpopular at the box office.
Animal Kingdom achieved success at the Australian Film Institute Awards and was acclaimed at film festivals around the world. The Australian film industry continues to produce a reasonable number of films each year, but in common with other English-speaking countries, Australia has often found it difficult to compete with the American film industry ,  the latter helped by having a much larger home market. The most successful Australian actors and filmmakers are easily lured by Hollywood and rarely return to the domestic film industry.
The South Australian Film Corporation was established in to promote and produce films, while the Australian Film Commission was created in to fund and produce internationally competitive films. In the three agencies were consolidated into Screen Australia. There is an ongoing debate of the need and role of government support for the Australian film industry.
Some argue in favour of government support as being the only way that the local film industry can compete against the hegemony of Hollywood. The argument against government support is that the industry is viable without support and will become stronger if increasingly globalised market forces are allowed full and untrammeled play. Others argue that a film industry in itself has little value.follow site
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The history of the industry in Australia is to some extent a result of the ascendancy of one position over the other. Eric Bana , star of Chopper and Munich. Cate Blanchett , the first Australian to win two Academy Awards and the most nominated Australian in the acting categories overall with 7 nominations. Abbie Cornish , star of Somersault and Sucker Punch. Joel Edgerton , star of Animal Kingdom and Loving. Mel Gibson , star of Braveheart and Mad Max. She is commonly referred to as Hollywood's top import.
Kidman is considered one of Hollywood's biggest stars and is the most successful Australian actress. Guy Pearce , star of Memento and The Rover. Naomi Watts , star of 21 Grams and Mulholland Dr.
Jacki Weaver , star of Animal Kingdom and Caddie. Rebel Wilson , star of Pitch Perfect.
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The Australian film industry has produced a number of successful actors, actresses, writers, directors and filmmakers many of whom have been known internationally. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cinema of Australia The earliest known feature-length narrative film in the world was the Australian production, The Story of the Kelly Gang Mythology and folklore. Mythology folklore. Comic books. Music and performing arts. Radio Television Cinema. World Heritage Sites.
Flag Coat of arms. See also: Film and television financing in Australia. This section is empty.
You can help by adding to it. February Retrieved 5 November Screen Australia. Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 9 November Archived from the original on 3 September Retrieved 7 December Melbourne: Lansdowne Press, See also Routt, William D. Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 29 August Retrieved 14 June Retrieved 10 March The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 31 October Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 19 December The Guardian. Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 10 January The Advocate.
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The Courier-Mail. Archived from the original PDF on 18 February Retrieved 25 May Cinema of Australia. World cinema.